Some employment-based, first-preference visa applicants can get an EB-1 visa approval with ten or less citations. However, approvals truly depend on the relevancy, nature of the profession, and the contribution the professional would have in the United States.
So, how many citations are needed for an EB-1 visa really?
Applicants in some professions see approvals based on only a few citations, while others see denials though they have 200.
If an applicant has a lower citation number but can demonstrate how they have more than the average number of citations than others in his or her field, this low number may not be as relevant.
The EB-1 category of immigration is reserved for the following people:
The evidence must otherwise be comparable if the above criteria do not apply.
Citations by others, of the EB-1 applicant’s work in their field, are generally required when the applicant seeks an EB-1 visa or EB-1 green card. For many foreign nationals, this means their published materials are in any of the following:
And/or original contributions with major significance in their field in the following:
In short, having a higher amount of citations demonstrates perfectly how instrumental the applicant’s work is. Having said this, it is more common for research papers of doctors or PhD students to have their research published than it is for professionals in business and technology. They may not even have any.
Foreign nationals demonstrate major significance in their field by being leaders, forerunners, and by having international recognition. Their work, research project or research experience plays such a critical role in society that their contributions and journal publications are published in professional journals. Having such a distinguished reputation is what sets EB-1 applicants apart. However, if the applicant is in a particular field, the USCIS may not require citations at all.
Oftentimes there are people who have won nationally and internationally recognized awards, or who have been in a critical role for particular organizations but lack the research papers, and hence the corresponding citations. This aligns with the fact that the citation required by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) truly depends on the occupational category.
Of course, there are quite a few EB-1 visa categories, but it should be noted that applicants from China and India who seek an EB-1A visa, should consider filing their National Interest Waiver petition (NIW) as soon as possible. Doing so ensures an earlier priority date, which brings more hope that their citation requirement will be lower than if the applicant were to wait.
It depends on the field of expertise.
Citations may not be required as evidence, depending on the field of contribution.
No. Not all EB-1 recipients have awards like a Pulitzer prize, Oscar, Olympic Medal, etc.
There are countless success stories from applicants who have been granted an EB-1 with fewer than 50 citations of their work. Conversely, there are unfortunately EB-1 visa petitioners with upwards of 200-300+ citations who receive a visa denial.
EB-1 visa applicants’ work with a sustained national interest can easily have citation counts of one or two hundred, though it depends largely on the area of expertise. It is more common for doctors, doctoral students, and assistant professors to have their works published than it is for business and technology professionals. The fact is, some professions may not be required to have citations when applying for an EB-1 visa.
It is more important that the foreign national is a permanent worker, a professor with extraordinary or outstanding ability, an assistant professor, a researcher, a multinational executive or manager, or a physician who has or will have a critical role in the United States.